Identitarian goals can also be advanced by cultural and social work. This overlaps the idea of metapolitics, though that term has obscure post-modernist meanings. Raising ethnic and national consciousness is the prime goal of identitarian cultural activism, a necessary condition for national liberation.
At present patriotic ideas are marginal in academe but have the huge advantage of being largely true or at least open to scientific findings on history and ethnicity. Cosmopolitans, whether motivated by corporate or leftist or minority-chauvinist values, have become anti-scientific in order to construct an ideology that justifies attacking natural parochialisms, from families to nations. Long ago they expelled biological theories of human nature from the social sciences.8 The result has been intellectual chaos. Radical academics have maintained dominance only by non-intellectual means. Research by psychologist Jonathan Haidt9 confirm what many academics have experienced for decades, that conservatives and nationalist are driven out of university careers by hostile work environments and career-limiting bias.
La Fundación Rafael del Pino organiza el 20 de junio a las 19 horas, la Conferencia Magistral de Hans-Hermann Hoppe titulada “from Aristocracy to Monarchy to Democracy. A Tale of Moral and Economic Folly and Decay”. La conferencia irá seguida de un diálogo del profesor Hoppe con Pedro Schwartz, Catedrático Rafael del Pino en la Universidad CEU San Pablo.
Those engaged in cultural advocacy for their people also need theory if they are to compete with opponents who for generations have been beating them hands down. The starting point is to understand how cosmopolitans and globalists have been winning. A key source is Canadian sociologist Eric Kaufmann’s 2004 text, The Rise and Fall of Anglo America. Kaufmann traces the rise of radical cosmopolitanism from its beginnings in the late nineteenth century to its victory over America’s traditional culture leaders in the 1950s and 1960s. Instrumental for that victory was the left’s capture of much of the centralised mass media and elite university culture by the post-Second World War years. This wrested the heights of culture production and distribution from the hands of traditionalist Anglo-Americans. Since then radicals have been mopping up Anglo resistance. They put down the Old South’s resistance to desegregation in the 1950s and 1960s. In 1965 they opened the borders to Third World immigration despite lack of popular support.Cultural warfare is more fundamental than electoral politics and has objectives broader than those of any political party, even one with a cultural string to its bow. A full cultural strategy cannot be managed by the political leadership; it must be conducted by cultural warriors. That is why the political and cultural strategies will often be separate specialisations, which nevertheless depend upon one another. Just as smart parties invest in culture, wise cultural warriors reach out to help political campaigns. Though neither side can be well managed by the other, both depend on the other; simultaneously self-managing and interdependent.
When America lost the cultural cold war so did Australia because we depend on U.S. military and economic power and are net importers of American culture. Academic disciplines and markets for culture are international, especially within language zones such as the Anglosphere. Now the U.S. and Australia are being mopped up through replacement-level immigration, the final irreversible cultural-genocidal stage of the conflict.
Cultural activism analysis
Kaufmann’s analysis provides lessons in cultural warfare. Cosmopolitans invested in mobilizing intellectuals and professionals, and through them winning the hearts and minds of up-and-coming leaders. They:
1. Maintained their objectives but used flexible methods. Kaufmann traces the cosmopolitan movement back to 1876. Through all the ideological and organisational changes they retained their hostility to Anglo-Christian America. The New York Intellectuals, who brought cosmopolitanism to victory in the U.S., began in the 1930s as Stalinists, converted to Trotskyism before dividing into nihilistic radicals and pseudo-conservatives (‘neo-conservatives’). Persistence paid off in the 1950s and 1960s, almost a century later, when radicals found places in the universities and the federal government. 2. Pursued objectives strategically. Cosmopolitans prioritised ethnic goals over other radical policies. This meant that the goal of liberal immigration trumped most other policies. For example, feminists and gay rights activists have not opposed the immigration of Muslims who hold them in contempt, and environmentalists did not oppose large-scale immigration that increased the number of consumers and polluters. 3. Funded their intellectuals with generous philanthropy. 4. Established parallel institutions, social and educational, from which they sallied forth to participate in mainstream politics and culture. 5. Developed tribe-like solidarity and hatreds. Kaufmann describes the pseudo-ethnic character of the New York Intellectuals. One aspect of the tribal spirit of the radicals was their unwritten rule against public criticism of other leftists and their intolerance of those whose views they rejected. They showed a racist-like loathing and contempt for conservatives and small town Anglos. 6. Found psychological substitutes for religion in ideology and organisations. Their cohesion and ultimate triumph were achieved despite them rejecting traditional religion, not because of it. Put differently, their militant atheism was costly, driven not by cost-benefit logic but by some non-rational impulse to attack Christendom. One lesson for universal nationalists, those who want everyone to enjoy the benefits of identity and community, is that their fight back will be easier because they support religious freedom. 7. Prioritised gaining positions in universities, government departments and the media. 8. Showed disdain and intolerance for opponents, which marginalised conservatives and nationalists, yielding an effective radical monopoly in the universities. This intolerance continues as a hallmark of culture industries across the West. 9. Strove to secure career paths for members. Junior recruits were mentored and defectors ostracised. 10. Put great effort into acquiring or starting journals of analysis and opinion, such as Ramparts and The New York Review of Books, mainstays of the New York Intellectuals. These magazines gave the network some aspects of an academy. They emphasised intellectual achievement, not electoral politics. They adopted the cultural warfare objective of influencing the culture industries, which construct and distribute information, including entertainment, news and commentary. By the 1950s the New York Intellectuals were being hired by the universities and government agencies, which accelerated the march of cultural Marxism.
Cultural activism goals
A deeper unstated implication of Kaufmann’s analysis is that these radical cosmopolitans had goals far beyond civic-minded reform. Their thorough criticism of the West worked to transform America and other Europe-derived societies religiously, economically, and ethnically, even down to the level of gender identity and family relations. The de-Christianisation of America’s public sphere was a first step in deconstructing national identity. This was not civic engagement but cultural warfare, a campaign of wholesale destruction. The radical cultural offensive was successful partly because it was not perceived as such but as part of a normal social activity. The revolutionaries’ goals and strategies were a form of fourth generation warfare, meaning conflict that engages at least one non-state actor in a decentralised campaign that blurs the distinction between politics and war.10 The ethos of wholesale cultural destruction has been influential. Even some supposedly moderate multicultural activists boast that their policies have caused Anglo Australia to experience “cultural genocide” through being “supplanted” and “completely transformed”.11
Religion has been a major front in the culture wars for at least a century. It should give pause that radicals and multiculturalists strive to separate the nation from Christianity and turn the secular state against that religion. Andrew Fraser has studied the role of Christianity in forging the English and Australian nations.12 Other theorists have studied religion as a “group evolutionary strategy” that forges cohesion and cooperation.13 Still other analysts observe that religions provide identity markers.14
According to evolutionary biologists D. S. Wilson and K. MacDonald, Christianity has underpinned European cultural group strategies, which release and direct intense altruism. These group strategies defend bio-cultures by clarifying identity and intensifying altruism. Andrew Fraser includes Australia in his observation that the Christian religion, through myth and ritual, has provided motivation essential for ethnic and national defence. England and Australia originated as Christian nations.
Both Christians and secular patriots need to understand the importance of religion in the culture wars. For Christianity has been a historic identity marker uniting European nations and Europe as a whole against existential and internal threats. Examples include the Medieval Church defending commoner interests by imposing monogamy on the aristocracy,15 the defeat of Muslim invaders at Tours in 732 by Christian France, Christian Wessex under Alfred the Great withstanding invasion by pagan Danes in 878, the Magna Carta of 1215 supported and drafted by the Church which defended the people against arbitrary elite power. For centuries Europe was known as Christendom, in whose name Christian crusaders liberated Jerusalem from Islamic forces in 1099 and an alliance of the German Holy Roman Empire and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth freed Vienna from siege by Ottoman Turks besieging it in 1683. In the twentieth century Christian martyrs witnessed for their faith and captive nations against Nazi and Communist oppressors.
These great deeds could not have been accomplished without a Church which saw its pastoral duty as extending to defence of the people, their nations and civilisation. De-Christianisation has been a successful strategy for breaking down ethnic and national solidarity of Western peoples. Countering this is an important part of an identitarian cultural strategy. A complicating factor is that secularisation has been a part of cultural evolution in addition to the imposed radical component. Restoring Christianity’s identity function needs to be conducted in a manner sensitive to organic cultural change.
The concept of “political warfare” was adopted by Rich Higgins, a security analyst who worked for the National Security Council during the early Trump presidency. Higgins described the unprecedented institutional attacks on Trump and noted that:
Political warfare operates as one of the activities of the “counter-state” and is primarily focused on the resourcing and mobilization of the counter state or the exhaustion and demobilization of the targeted political movement. Political warfare methods can be implemented at strategic, operational, or tactical levels of operation.16
Higgins also described the larger goals of political warfare:
Attacks on President Trump are not just about destroying him, but also about destroying the vision of America that lead to his election. Those individuals and groups seeking the destruction of President Trump actually seek to suffocate the vision of America that made him president. Hence, the end state is not just a delegitimized, destabilized, immobilized and possibly destroyed presidency; but also a demoralized movement composed of a large enough bloc to elect a president that subsequently become[s] self-aware of its own disenfranchisement.17
It is relevant that Higgins knew, as did every political analyst in the U.S., that Trump’s implicit constituency was white America. The deep state’s goal is not only to bring down the Trump presidency but to break the political will of the historic American nation. A similar situation exists in Australia, with the difference that the political leadership is still in the hands of the multicultural establishment.
It is significant that Higgins, a staffer loyal to Trump’s original policies, was fired by a more senior staffer. Training competent and loyal staff is one obvious benefit of cultural activism, which will be discussed further.
The successes of the Brexit and Trump campaigns point to the feasibility of advancing Western identitarian goals through electoral politics. In Australia, the same indication is provided by the success of parties that, together, are breaking the political duopoly that has dominated government since the Second World War. Minor parties’ collective share of the national vote rose sharply at the 2016 federal elections. In late 2017 it had reached about 30 percent of the vote and appears to be rising.
Senator Pauline Hanson
These minor parties challenge taboos – “political correctness” – and are supported mainly by Anglo and others of European descent. They include Pauline Hanson’s One Nation party, the Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party, the Liberal Democrat headed by Senator David Leyonhjelm, and Katter’s Australian Party led by Senator Bob Katter. The trend is apparent to an extent in two parties that emphasise Christian values, the Australian Conservatives led by Senator Cory Bernardi, and the Christian Democratic Party, led by Reverend Fred Nile.
The greatest success was enjoyed by Pauline Hanson, whose party won four Senate positions (from a total of 76) in the 2016 federal election. Her support came from people who felt betrayed by the political class’s support of globalism, who were hurting economically and concerned with the immigration-induced demographic transformation evident in the capital cities. Many were disturbed by domestic Islamist terrorism and attributed this to both mainstream parties allowing large-scale Muslim immigration. They were concerned about foreign purchases of the best farms and infrastructure. They were tired of the constant sniping from the PC industry. They felt, not without justification, that they were losing their country.
The electoral base of these minor parties consisted mainly of Anglo-Australians, defined broadly to mean individuals who have assimilated and identify with the British-derived nation that provided the explorers and pioneers, the iconic poets such as Henry Lawson, and the Anzacs of the two world wars. A demographic analysis of Pauline Hanson’s supporters by John Black shows them to be situated in regional areas and outer suburbs of large cities. They are tradespeople and retirees, all predominantly Anglo categories.1Precise figures are not provided, but the Anglo share of One Nation voters was greater than their two-thirds share of the overall population. The European share of One Nation voters was greater than their 80% of the population.
Senator David Leyonhjelm
Not all parties with an Anglo base are patriotic. The so-called Greens are an example. Their voters are largely inner-city professionals. They advance policies typical of the anti-Western, anti-Christian, university-indoctrinated inner-city demographics. The other minor parties inadvertently defend Anglo interests as the consequence of advancing policies that protect traditional lifestyles and Christian values.
In a subsequent analysis, Black observed that the Turnbull government was attempting to win back One Nation voters by tough talk about citizenship and refugees.2 He argued that Turnbull was mindful of Senator Hanson’s wide support from “English-speaking Anzacs”, “English-speakers”, “Kiwis”, “disaffected and angry, white, Australian-born English speakers”, and “Poms”, the great majority being immigration conservatives.
Further evidence of ethnic polarisation comes from the 2016 census analysed by Rick Morton, The Australian’s social affairs writer, and demographer Bernard Salt. Articles by them appeared in The Weekend Australian, 15 April 2017.3 They report that large-scale Chinese and Indian immigration is transforming Sydney and Melbourne, driving the Anglo population towards minority status. This is “contributing to a split down the middle of the country between Australia’s colonial past and its future.” Morton adheres to The Australian’s long-term editorial line by implying that Asianisation is inevitable and that Anglo-Australia represents the colonial past. Bernard Salt then analysed the figures reported by Morton. He agreed that Australia is being cleft in two by high levels of ethnically unselected immigration. He noted that if these migration trends remain in place for a few more decades, the result will be a “redefinition of the once reasonably united Australian people”.
Such radical transformation and the resulting conflict and intensification of majority ethnic identity helps explain the increasing success of protest parties, especially the popular-nationalist One Nation.
Senator Bob Katter
As noted, most One Nation supporters are Anglo Australians who reject “political correctness”, the coercive edge of the left-multicultural establishment. The racial discrimination being practised against mainstream Australians is becoming increasingly obvious.4 The ironically-named human rights industry mainly targets the Anglo population. As political scientist Jennifer Oriel commented, the cultural Marxist left has “promoted minority supremacy” over Western majorities by keeping immigration doors open, punishing conservative speech and taking over institutions such as the ABC. Brexit and Trump are early shots in the “fight for the West”. Oriel declares the need to “take our civilisation back.”5
The German-American economist and social theorist Hans-Hermann Hoppe adopts a libertarian perspective but implies that it overlaps ethnic nationalism. He seeks to identify the most likely supporters of movements that oppose globalism, multiculturalism and unrestricted immigration. They are, he maintains, similar to Pauline Hanson’s base:
Given the present constellation of affairs, any promising libertarian strategy must, very much as the alt-right has recognized, first and foremost be tailored and addressed to this group of the most severely victimized people: white married Christian couples, in particular if they belong to the class of taxpayers rather than tax consumers, and everyone most closely resembling or aspiring to this standard form of social order and organization can be realistically expected to be the most receptive audience for the libertarian message.6
One Nation’s appeal to Anglo Australians has profound implications. A party could dominate Australian politics if it became identified in the public mind as representing mainstream Australia. At the same time, the census reveals the nation is splitting into ethnic zones, accelerating the rise of identity politics, including among Anglo Australians. The makeup of One Nation’s supporters shows that the nation is not as far gone as its enemies hope, that survival is possible. For many journalists and commentators, it is a bitter fact that the original Australian nation is not dead.
Senator Cory Bernardi
One Nation is showing the honesty and courage necessary to represent mainstream Australians and thus the national interest, especially on the issues of Islamic immigration, foreign ownership, and leftist bias in public broadcasting. The party would be allocating resources efficiently if it invested in appealing to its Anglo base, because Anglos are most likely to respond positively and because they are a majority of the population.
As a nationalist party that represents the majority population, One Nation or its successors could become a major political force. However, there are obstacles to achieving this, the greatest being that the party’s ethnic appeal is due to the intuitions of the leadership. Party leaders care about Australia and are courageous but like the mainstream parties are not versed in the sociology or history of ethnicity and nationalism. Their ethnic vision of society is implicit. Beyond Pauline Hanson’s wish that Australia returns to a relatively united culture, her party has not described the Australia they want in realistic demographic terms. This places One Nation among conventional political parties, not at the cutting edge of reform and renewal.
Pauline Hanson’s biographer, Anna Broinowski, summarises her nationalism as a deep nostalgia for the monocultural Anglo society of her childhood.7 The left and minority chauvinists disparage nostalgia for any European society. In reality, it is noble to be nostalgic for the sense of belonging and community that Australia is losing. There is nothing wrong with such emotion as part of a social vision. But nostalgia can only serve that function if it is attached to analysis. That requires cultural expertise and vision. Politicians cannot be expected to cover all bases. They rely on intellectuals in the humanities and social sciences. The anti-national left’s domination of the universities helps explain why nationalist social analysis is weak.
State Senator Fred Nile
A clear factual narrative would explain how the cultural elite became alienated from the nation and how its affections can be reclaimed. There could also be a vision of how Australia can return to its traditional Western identity while maintaining its trade and diplomatic connections in the Asia-Pacific region. Educating the public would be a cultural investment with political benefits. The necessary resources – parliamentary and media platforms and funds for research – are being acquired through electoral victories. Political leaders could exploit cultural capital by the following:
1. Talking about how cultural and racial diversity undermines social cohesion; 2. Introducing the public to the meaning and benefits of nationhood and its reliance on a dominant and confident core ethnic identity; 3. Explaining that multiculturalism is an ethnic hierarchy that subordinates Anglo Australians; 4. Linking indigenous identity to Australia’s historic Anglo identity; 5. Maintaining a rational rage against the corruption of the universities and proposing remedial policies; 6. Working with responsible protest groups to defend the right to public assembly; 7. Explaining how the ANZACs have been betrayed by abrogating the social contract between generations. They did not fight and die for open borders or multiculturalism or foreign ownership; 8. Formulating and transmitting these messages would be made possible by working with nationalist think tanks to obtain analysis and personnel. The identitarian political front cannot advance far without drawing on advances in the culture war.
This paper argues that Anglo patriots should use a dual political-cultural strategy to defend the historic Australian nation and reestablish the liberal nationalist state built by the founders. The recent success of nationalist protest parties in many Western societies, including Australia, indicates that voters are ready to confer significant political and cultural niches on leaders who are willing to challenge the dominant culture. There are ways forward.
The heights of Australian politics and culture have been hijacked by the leftist multicultural establishment. Anglo identitarians – those who think of themselves as part of Australia’s historic identity originating in British settlement or more broadly as part of European civilization – have been marginalized by the anti-Western left. The trend has been apparent for decades in politics and the culture industries. The process began in the universities and mass media. As a result, Australia’s Western identity is ever more obscured by hostile news, commentary and curricula. It is being drowned by indiscriminate immigration and oppressed by globalist elites. The historic Australian nation is assailed from all sides at a time when it is leaderless, not protected by the sinews of government but tied up and gagged by them.
To fight back, people need a vision of the Australia they want. For what should they fight? The second half of this chapter compares types of nationalism that have been pursued through Australia’s history. For present purposes, nationalists and conservatives will know the fight is won or at least going in a winning direction when assimilation is once again winning over ethno-cultural diversity as a guiding principle for choosing immigrants; in particular when the refugee intake is ended and the migrant intake is greatly reduced and limited mainly to people of European descent; when the Chinese and Indian nations are no longer colonizing Australia and relations with these rising powers are stabilised; when schools desist from radical indoctrination and teach children the truth about their nation’s and civilisation’s glorious history; when our sons and daughters are not pitted against each other in a fabricated gender war; when civil liberties are secured largely by keeping the state out of the private realm; when UN mandates are lifted to restore freedom of association, allowing citizens to choose among whom they live and do business; when core institutions are reformed to become more compatible with human nature instead of socially engineering and herding citizens; when the multicultural apparatus is dismantled as a system designed to oppress the nation and is replaced with a democratic multiculturalism that includes fair representation for Anglo Australians; when foreign ownership is once again regulated to protect Australian industry and home owners; in short when the historic nation throws off its shackles and reasserts its prerogatives.
These policies will be enacted only when Anglo-Australians become sufficiently mobilised and organised to vote for their ethnic interests and build lobby, media, and educational organizations so powerful that wise politicians avoid offending national sensibilities or appearing less than eager to preserve national identity.
Because information is usually incomplete, especially concerning complex matters of policy, it is prudent in choosing goals to start with the most securely known interests. The most certain interests are biological, including personal health and a family that is safe and prosperous. That is why it is vital to have a robust diversified economy, secure borders and safe neighbourhoods. At the next layer of biological interests, one should invest in social cohesion and the secure identities upon which it relies. School curricula should induct children into their culture and history. Without such knowledge, it is impossible for young adults to know themselves and Australia’s place in world history.
How to achieve those goals? I propose a dual strategy of political and cultural activism, with the two linked so as to mutually reinforce. I also discuss how individuals can contribute.
“You can not get good public policy out of a bad public debate.”
Freedom, or the lack of it, is both personal and political. We all desire to be personally free from negative realities like fear, anxiety and addiction, and to be able to reach our potential, seek happiness, and contribute to a better world.
I may not agree with what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it
We all also desire to be politically free. Not many people today, or throughout history, have known real political freedom. We are extraordinarily fortunate in Australia to enjoy freedom to the extent that we do. However, we must till the soil in which our freedoms were grown, and upon which they depend, to ensure their continued flourishing.
Hard won, fragile, and anything but the norm, a society can lose its freedom in more than one way. Military take-over is one example, but as many wise people have pointed out, a nation can become enslaved to indebtedness as well. Furthermore, a society can eat itself out from within if it loses sight of the basis of freedom, which is respect for the dignity and worth of all citizens and their right to speak to their most deeply held beliefs.
Increasingly in Australia, our famous commitment to a fair go for all, mateship, and rubbing along with people who have different views, seem to be under threat.
It often seems to me that the old adage, “I may disagree with you, but I will defend to the death your right to say it,” is giving way to a notion which says, “if you dare disagree with me I’ll do whatever it takes to silence you.”
The good policy that Australia desperately needs now will not come out of a bad or silenced debate, which is the inevitable outcome of a loss of respect for other people and the views that they hold.
It is high time we returned to the sort of honest, open debate that has served our society so well in the past. Failure to do so could be our undoing.
A nation in crisis – Our Island Nation Takeover Target – Part 1
Dancing in the Streets.
There are many comforts and securities that we as Australians have come to rely on as we go about our daily lives contributing to what we have been taught to believe, is the lucky country. Except for a brief period in February 1942 when our most northerly city Darwin was bombed, we as Australians have been sheltered from attack and prospect of invasion on home soil however now we have a takeover target.
Photo: The end of World War II, Newcastle New South Wales, ‘Dancing in the streets’
A lot has changed (WW2) since 1942, some changes for the better, but also many for the worse, and some changes to the detriment of our island nation. So, over the following chapters let’s take a brief look at what has happened to date, and then what may unfold in the future.
The last seven decades has seen a period of enormous multiculturalism. Our country has become a melting pot of nationalities and so called religious beliefs. Many of these beliefs are alien to the Anglo-Saxon DNA that has been responsible for the development of this, which was once a sparsely inhabited dry and unproductive island, into modern day Australia.
Australians have partaken in two world wars, in both we suffered heavy casualties, but over the time of those wars the Australian military forged a name for brilliance, loyalty and endurance. Our men and woman returned to our shores in late 1945 as heroes. There was dancing in the streets, our hearts swelled with pride, everyone wanted to be part of the celebration. Our heroes were home, with heavy hearts we remembered those you had made the supreme sacrifice, but there was also reason to be positive. Our nation was young, our people were enthusiastic an innovative, Australians joined hand in hand, there was a job to do, there was a country to build, and build they did.
Over the next few decades our island nation became very Americanised, or perhaps I should use the word modernised, apartments and high-rise sprang from the ground, our cities grew like mushrooms, the bush flourished as agricultural land developed at a pace never seen before. Our children attended schools where the three R’s and discipline reigned supreme. We had school cadets, boy scouts, girl guides and chores for Mum and Dad in our spare time, we even read books instead of texting people from daylight till dark. Without us knowing it, we were learning discipline, respect, love of family, friend and country.
Photo: An Australian RAAF C17 Globemaster on final into Richmond RAAF Base with 22 of our finest fallen heroes in coffins on board
As at the blink of an eye the 60’s arrived, and in the July and August of 1962 Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War began. Almost 60,000 Australians, including ground troops and air force and navy personnel served in Vietnam; 521 Australians died and over 3,000 were wounded.
The war was the cause of the greatest social and political dissent in Australia since the conscription referendums of the First World War. Many draft resisters, conscientious objectors, and protesters were fined or jailed, while soldiers met a hostile reception on their return home.
The war ended in April 1975, but this time there was no dancing in the streets, our Braveheart’s returned and were scorned upon by many, what a disgraceful way to treat our heroes.
Many of our returned vets still bear the scars of the scorn today, their government had sent them to fight against communism in a foreign land. They fought the brave fight, but then returned home to begin a new and more debilitating fight, the fight against mental anguish.
At this point I would ask you to pause for a minute or two, take the time to mentally feel how our Vietnam Vets must feel today, when they now see our governments sell off our island nation to the Chinese communist government, or indeed how they must have felt in June 2016 when Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull and opposition leader Bill Shorten didn’t have the decency to welcome home 22 of our finest. They left as young proud men, they returned home in coffins some 50 years later. It was on that day that I vowed never to support the Liberal Party again while Malcolm Turnbull had anything to do with the once proud movement.
To be continued: Next time we look at 1970 and 1980, the era that I believe was the beginning of the breakdown of Australian society, respect and an attitude that will eventually lead our Island Nation to become a Takeover Target.
Make sure to keep an eye out for Part 2 of this series to lean more about the Australian Takeover Target issue.
By Chris Ford: CBSF NEWS AND VIEWS a Facebook site for Conservatives.
In this article, I will cite the main areas of interest of a report from the Council of Australian Governments (COAG). The report details the 10th year anniversary of the National Counter-Terrorism Centre (NCTC) and includes a reflection on what has changed, why, and to what degree it has been effective. It includes other organisations such as ASIO and DFAT. To begin, I will break it down into relevant sections and comment on each topic of interest.
“[…] our national efforts are focussed on:
• disrupting attacks
• undermining terrorist activities and
• promoting community cohesion.”
Page 9 tells us exactly what the objectives are: to disrupt attacks, undermine terrorist activities and support networks, and promote community cohesion.
This three-pronged strategy deals with the present terrorist issues, the future-to-be terrorists, and the future community discontent and backlash to said issues. It is a very well-rounded approach to counter-terrorism nationally.
“1. disrupt the activities of individuals or groups planning an attack
2. detect and undermine terrorist activity by:
a. blocking the flow of support (finances, goods and people) to or from terrorists and their networks
b. impeding the development of terrorist capability (particularly their tactical and operational security training both directly and online)
c. degrading ideological support for terrorist activities.
3. promote community cohesion and build resilience to radicalisation.”
Page 9 gives us a list of the prior objectives broken down into goals. These goals couple with the COAG objectives but acknowledge greater detail. The picture below gives a visual example of these goals. Further goals expanding beyond terrorism can be found here.
Above: The Spectrum of CT Efforts (taken from cited report).
Key Changes to Counter-Terrorism
Page 20 notes multiple key changes:
“• the increased scale of the threat
• the home-grown aspect
• lower barriers of entry to terrorist groups
• lone actor attacks
• use of everyday items as weapons
• individuals can move rapidly from intent to
• social media
• secure and encrypted communications.”
These changes were mainly introduced by the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) including lone-actor attacks, lower barrier to entry, polished propaganda, and social media usage.
Understanding the Threat: Islamist Terrorism
Page 10 gives us a clear enemy: Terroristic or Violent Islamism.
“The terrorist attacks in the United States on 11 September 2001 were a major turning point in Western understanding of the threat from Islamist terrorism.”
This couples nicely when you consider the growing need to undermine Islamist ideology correlates with undermining not only terrorism but many practices counter to Australian norms and many processes of radicalisation.
Expanding Counter-Terrorism and Related Organisations
The threat adjusts to real-time politics and changes in the international community, and it looks to exploit any window of opportunity in relation to grievances and narratives. Thus, there has been a substantial increase in the capabilities and funding of multiple organisations. These organisations now work together, interconnected and coordinated, in order to defeat terrorism and counter other national security risks, as seen below.
Above: Increasing Roles and Width of Counter-Terrorism in Australia (taken from the cited report and modified by myself).
The two models proposed, on page 30, are the large ‘super-agency’ model or the small, coordinated model. The former seen in the United States with their Department of Homeland Security and the latter seen in the United Kingdom with many regional departments. There is no consensus as to the best practice model. However, identified strengths follow the model of:
Clear government policy.
Representatives from a wide range of agencies.
Senior-level attendance at key coordination meetings including roles such as Counter-Terrorism Coordinator.
Risk groups allocated substantial responsibilities and lead by senior officials.
Reports that are regular and given to all agency heads or deputies in a reference group.
Regular cabinet reporting to ensure continued ministerial oversight, attention, and priority.
A Warning: Lone Wolf Attacks and Metrics – We’re NOT Winning!
The report warns us time and time again of self-initiated, or lone wolf, attacks. These attacks are very difficult to detect and often catch both the public and security apparatus by surprise. It is noted that these attacks are likely to occur in greater propensity and capacity in the future, even for Australia with the number of foreign fighters in and around Australasian, including Indonesia.
In fact, the major warning is that all the metrics are increasing: foreign fighters, known sympathisers, known supporters, passport investigations and cancellations, and other serious investigations. We do not seem to be ‘winning’ against terrorism. We have to work on a range of factors to counter the problem, such as community engagement, youth engagement, counter-messaging, and education (including intercultural and interfaith education) to build community resilience towards, and recognition of, radicalisation.
In conclusion, the COAG report gives us an overview of Counter-Terrorism efforts in Australia. The emerging threats come in the forms of lone wolf attacks and rising trends in radicalisation and terrorism. We are not winning the fight against terrorism. But, that said, there have been huge leaps in coordination, technological advancement, and other innovations that will continue to challenge terrorism and its support networks.